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Guide to the Research Process: Home

This guide provides an introduction to the skills needed to conduct research, with particular reference to the field of education.


The format of this guide and some of the content was used with permission from Johnson & Wales University Library. Many thanks for their willingness to share their excellent work with others.

Research Process Overview

The research process typically includes five broad steps. Normally, you would complete one step before moving onto the next. However, there may be times when you will need to return to a previous step or complete multiple steps simultaneously.

Step 1. Develop a topic
Select a Topic Formulate Research Questions | Identify Keywords | Find Background Information | Refine a Topic

Step 2. Locate information
Find Books | Find Articles | Find Websites | Find "Grey Literature" | Find Videos | Search Strategies

Step 3. Evaluate and analyse information and sources
Evaluate Sources | Primary v Secondary Sources | Popular vs Scholarly Periodicals

Step 4. Use, organize, and communicate information
Paraphrasing | Notetaking

Step 5. Comply with legal, ethical, and moral standards
Plagiarism | APA Citation Style | Copyright | Alternatives to Copyright

Research Process Overview

IUPUI University Library

Research Guide by Lynda Quamina - Aiyejina. Updated by Petra Pierre - Robertson

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Petra Pierre-Robertson
Caribbean Educational Research Information Service (CERIS)
School of Education
The University of the West Indies
St. Augustine
18686622002 ext 83336


Lynda Quamina - Aiyejina, Former Senior Librarian Indexer/Documentalist at CERIS, School of Education, the Univesity of the West Indies, is responsible for the development of this guide.