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Referencing and formatting with APA 7th ed. (STA): APA References

Handout covers APA 7th ed. style for in-text citaiton, references and formating (the latter is for student papers)

About this guide

This page provides resources to assist with citing and referencing sources in APA 7th ed. 

  • APA Style by the American Psychological Association is the referencing style which the UWI thesis guide states should be used by students in the School of Education (SoE), Faculty of Humanities and Education, The University of the West Indies, St. Augustine Campus.
  • All new students from 2020-2021 onward are to use APA Style 7th. ed

  • Current graduate students who are submitting theses this year (2021-2022) may continue in APA 6th (unless the student wishes to use APA 7th). By 2022-2023, only APA 7th should be used. 


EndNote 20 - Reference Management Software

Other Citation Styles - UWI LibGuides

APA Style 7th ed. References

These handouts for APA 7th ed. prepared by the Librarian at the School of Education Library (SoEL).

APA 7th ed. was released in July 2019.

In-text Citation formats (APA Manual, Table 8.1, page 266)

Reference list example in APA 7th ed style

Date - In-text Citation Format

Introducing the APA 7th edition

References in APA 7th ed.

In-text Citation in APA 7th ed.

APA style: 7th ed.

Publication manual of the American Psychological Association: The official guide to APA style. 2019

Abbreviations in APA references

Abbreviations Book or publication part


Rev. ed.

revised edition

2nd ed. second edition
Ed. (Eds.) editor (editors)
Trans. translator (s)
Narr. ((Narrs.) narrator (narrators)
n.d. no date
p. (pp.) page (pages)
para. (paras.) paragraph (paragraphs)
Vol. (Vols.) volume (volume)
No.  number
Pt. part
Tech. Rep.  technical report
Suppl.  supplement

Source: APA 7the ed. Manual, pp. 306-307


Missing Elements in a Reference (Section 9.4, p. 284 of the Manual)