WHAT IS A CITATION?
A citation is the method used by researchers to inform the reader of the original source of information, ideas or images used in the body of research. It also provides the person reading the work with information which allows them to locate the original source used.
Why do I Need to Cite?
|Deliberate Plagiarism||Accidental Plagiarism|
|Rewriting from books and articles||Not knowing how and when to cite|
|Copying and pasting from websites||Not knowing how to summarize or paraphrase|
|Submitting another persons work as your own||Recycling your own paper from another class|
What Should I Cite?
Copies of the item are distributed to the public in hard copy or electronic format. The preparation and issuing of a book, journal, piece of music, maps or other work for public sale
Work that is not for sale but can be used to support research e.g. Theses, Research notes.
Material produced by organizations outside of the traditional publishing avenues e.g. Technical Reports Working papers Government Documents, White Papers,
When do I need to Cite?
When copying the exact words from a text, the section copied must be placed in quotations marks " " . The text where the quotation can be found must be cited.
When you put the main ideas of what you have read in a book or article into your own words. You must state which book or article was used.
When you use your own words to restate the information you have read, you must state which book or article was consulted.
When you use someone else's works and ideas
When you refer to an idea that has already been expressed by someone else.
What is Common Knowledge?