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Guide to the Research Process: Home

This guide provides an introduction to the skills needed to conduct research, with particular reference to the field of education.


The format of this guide and some of the content was used with permission from Johnson & Wales University Library. Many thanks for their willingness to share their excellent work with others.

Research Process Overview

The research process typically includes five broad steps. Normally, you would complete one step before moving onto the next. However, there may be times when you will need to return to a previous step or complete multiple steps simultaneously.

Step 1. Develop a topic
Select a Topic Formulate Research Questions | Identify Keywords | Find Background Information | Refine a Topic

Step 2. Locate information
Find Books | Find Articles | Find Websites | Find "Grey Literature" | Find Videos | Search Strategies

Step 3. Evaluate and analyse information and sources
Evaluate Sources | Primary v Secondary Sources | Popular vs Scholarly Periodicals

Step 4. Use, organize, and communicate information
Paraphrasing | Notetaking

Step 5. Comply with legal, ethical, and moral standards
Plagiarism | APA Citation Style | Copyright | Alternatives to Copyright

Research Process Overview

IUPUI University Library

Research Guide

Lynda Quamina-Aiyejina's picture
Lynda Quamina-Aiyejina
School of Education

The University of the West Indies

St. Augustine

Trinidad and Tobago

Tel: 868 662-2002, Ext. 83336

Fax: 868 662-6615