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Humanities Research Guide : Citing and Referencing

This guide was created to assist researchers in the Humanities by highlighting available resources at the Alma Jordan Library and pointing to other helpful tools and websites.

Research Ethics

Students should be mindful when using the work, ideas or publications by others. These works should be recognized and due credit given to the creators; policies are also in place to protect intellectual property and ensure there is ethical use of the works created/produced by other persons or entities in any format. 

Please review the University Research Ethics Policy

Citing and Referencing allows the ethical use of works created by others using various styles of organizing bibliographic data, depending on the discipline.

In the Humanities the most common styles used for citing and referencing are, The Modern Language Association (MLA) Handbook, and The Chicago Manual of Style, notes-bibliography format. 

Avoiding Plagiarism

Plagiarism, according to the University of the West Indies policies on avoiding plagiarism, is the unacknowledged use of words, ideas or creations of another. All students should become familiar with the policies on plagiarism.

Undergraduate Student Anti-Plagiarism Policy

Policy on Graduate Student Plagiarism

Plagiarism in any form is unacceptable and can be avoided by

1. Using Quotations

2. Paraphrasing

3. Citing and Referencing

APA - Citing and Referencing

Useful Websites

The College of Liberal Arts, Online Writing Lab, at Purdue University has created a wealth of resources to help students navigate their research.

Their Research and Citation Resources can help in citing and referencing.

Chicago-Notes and Bibliography

There are 2 formats when using the Chicago Manual of Style 17th Edition, the author-date and the notes-bibliography format. The notes-bibliography format is the one used for subjects within the Humanities.

The print version of the manual above is also available on the 3rd floor of the Alma Jordan Library.



Visit the Humanities Division on the 3rd floor to browse the print handbook above

Meet the Staff

Ms Georgia Alexander
Librarian - Humanities Division
Tel.: (868)-662-2002 ext.82262, 83363


Mr Dexter Baird
Library Assistant
Tel.: (868)-662-2002 ext.83363


Mr Keeno Gonzales
Library Assistant
Tel.: (868)-662-2002 ext.83363 

Mr Lloyd Kirton
Library Attendant
Tel.: (868)-662-2002 ext.83363


Dr Karen Eccles initially created this LibGuide, which Georgia Alexander and Randy Siew are currently updating. If you have any questions regarding the content, please email or