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School of Education Library, SoE, FHE, UWI, St. Augustine: Predatory Journals and Conferences

Guide to the resources and services of the UWI STA School of Education Library

What are predatory journals?

“Predatory journals and publishers are entities that prioritize self-interest at the expense of scholarship and are characterized by false or misleading information, deviation from best editorial and publication practices, a lack of transparency, and/or the use of aggressive and indiscriminate solicitation practices.”

(Grudniewicz et al., 2019)

Grudniewicz, A. Moher, D., Cobey, K., Bryson, G., Cukier, S., Allen, K., Ardern, C., Balcom, L., Barros, T., Berger, M., Ciro, J., Cugusi, L., Donaldson, M., Egger, M., Graham, I., Hodgkinson, M., Khan, K., Mabizela, M., Manca, A., & Lalu, M. (2019). Predatory journals: no definition, no defence. Nature. 576. 210-212.

How to check if a journal is predatory


Example of an email from a predatory publisher.

Check Cabells List - Available on the UWI Campus Libraries A-Z list of databases. Cabells Predatory Reports Criteria

Check if the journal's publisher is listed on Beall's List of Predatory Publishers.

Check if the journal is listed on Beall's List of StandAlone Journals.

Finding High Quality Publishers


Check if the journal is listed on the Web of Science Master Journal List or in the Web of Science Journal Citation Reports. Look for the Journal Impact Factor.

Check the Journal Guide.

Check Scopus Preview.

If the journal claims to be a member of the following reputable organisations that adhere to high publishing standards, it may not be predatory.

Check if the  journal is in the Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ).

Check if the journal/publisher is on the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Check if your journal's publisher is a member of the Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA), INASP Journals Online or the International Association of Scientific, Technical and Medical (STM) Publishers. 

Check Ulrich's Web: Global Serials Directory (available on the UWI Campus Libraries  A-Z list) to see if a journal is peer-reviewed (refereed) and where the articles may be indexed.

What are predatory conferences?

Predatory Conferences invitations come via email. They tend to be poorly organised and low quality, with little or no peer review.

See the following resources:

What are predatory conferences and how to avoid them?

Identifying and Avoiding Questionable Conferences

Warning: Conmen and Shameless Scholars Operate in the Area

Nonsense paper written by iOS autocomplete accepted for a conference



Think, Check, Attend - choosing the right conference to attend.


What is a Predatory Journal and Why Is It a Problem?