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What are standards, specifications, and codes?
- A standard is a document that provides requirements, specifications, guidelines or characteristics that can be used consistently to ensure that materials, products, processes and services are fit for their purpose. (ISO)
- It is an approved set of criteria defining the performance or design of a product or defining the process of constructing a product.
- adhering to standards is to ensure minimum performance, meet safety requirements, make sure that the product/system/process is consistent and repeatable, and provide for interfacing with other standard-compliant equipment.
- ISO has identified many benefits to using standards.
- Improving Performance
- Reducing Business Risk
- Encouraging Innovation
Understanding the Standard Number
A standard is usually represented by the acronym of the issuing organization followed by a number and the date of issuance.
- ABC is the organization that developed the standard
- D is a broad subject category (not always present)
- 123.56 is a document/standard number
- 07 indicates the standard was approved in 2007 (not always present)
- IEEE Std 519-2014
- ISO 9000
- BS 5656-1
Some institutions also include language as part of the code e.g EN; DIN
The content of this Guide was developed by Mariella Pilgrim.