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16 steps to the 16th ed.: A Sensitization Service of the IIR Library: Steps 9-12

A step by step guide to some of the changes brought about by the introduction of the 16th edition of the Chicago Manual of Style to citing sources.

16 steps to the 16th ed.: A Sensitization Service of the IIR Library

 When the good folks who produce the Chicago Manual of Style released the 16th edition of the Style Manual, we decided to email every single academic staff member  and research assistant every day for 16 days to alert them to the significant changes within the Manual. This is captured in the style changes handout, 16 steps to the 16th ed.

Chicago Manual of Style - online

16 Steps to the 16th ed.

16 steps to the 16th edition

16 steps to the 16th edition


 Step 9. Terms like “web” and “Internet” {CMS rule 7.76

In a departure, Chicago now considers web to be generic when used alone or in combination with other generic terms.

Step 10. Names like eBay and iPod {CMS rule 8.153}

Brand names or names of companies that are spelled with a lowercase initial letter followed by a capital letter need not be capitalized at the beginning of a sentence or heading…. This departure from Chicago’s former usage recognizes not only the preferred usage of the owners of most such names but also the fact that such spellings are already capitalized.

Step 11. Website content {CMS 14.243 and 14.245}

A citation to website content can often be limited to a mention in the text (“As of July 19, 2008, the Arthur Lock Jack Graduate School of Business listed on its website . . .”). There is a style guide for a more formal citation, if desired. Because such content is subject to change, include an access date or, if available, a date that the site was last modified. In the absence of a date of publication, use the access date or last-modified date as the basis of the citation. Titles of blog entries should be in quotation marks.

Step 12. E-books {CMS 14.167}

The majority of E-books have a printed counterpart; therefore the citation is the same format as the printed version. When citing the online version of a book, include the URL – or, if available, the DOI - as part of the citation {CMS 14.4}. In a printed work, if a URL or DOI has to be broken at the end of a line, the break should be made after a colon or a double slash (//); before a single slash (/), a tilde (~), a period, a comma, a hyphen, an underline (_), a question mark, a number sign, or a percent symbol; or before or after an equals sign or an ampersand. Such breaks help to signal that the URL or DOI has been carried over to the next line.

The full text of the Chicago Manual of Style is available online at

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