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Clinical Programme: Information Resources, UWI FMS St. Augustine: Citation and Referencing

This libguide was prepared for students and staff of the UWI, FMS, St Augustine, MBBS Clinical Programme. It provides information about the services of the Medical Sciences Library that are accessible to Users away from the campus as well as the resources



You can easily manage your bibliographies by using a Bibliographic Management Software.
Bibliographic Management Software 
helps you to:

  • manage your bibliographic references by entering manually or importing your references from online sources
  • generate bibliographies or lists of references in the desired format
  • insert citations into a paper consistently and easily

The MSL has EndNote version x9 installed on computers in the library 
EndNote FAQs  




The Vancouver style is the recommended style of the Faculty of Medical Sciences, (exception of the UWI School of Nursing and, Psychiatry students)It is an author-number referencing style commonly used in medicine and science, and consists of:

  • in-text citations indicated by the use of a number
  • a  sequentially numbered reference list at the end of the document providing  full details of the corresponding in-text references

It follows rules established by the International committee of Medical Journal Editors, now maintained by the U.S. National Library of Medicine. It is also known as Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts submitted to Biomedical Journals.



The APA style is used by the School of Nursing. It is an "author-date" referencing style and consists of:

  • in-text citations indicated by the use of the author(s) and the year of publication given wholly or partly in round brackets.
  • an alphabetically ordered reference list at the end of the document providing  full details of the corresponding in-text references
  • Please refer to APA Formatting And Style Guide (7th Edition) for a shortened version of  the technical formatting guidelines 
  • Also refer to this online guide: Referencing and formatting with APA 7th ed. (STA)