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Information Literacy Resources: Std 3 Indicators

This guide was created using the Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL) Standards on Information Literacy (IL) to help you to understand the concept of information literacy. This, in an effort to improve teaching and learning at the UWI.

Suggested Library tutorials

Find scholarly journal articles

Tell the difference between trade and peer reviewed journals.

Use a bibliography to find further sources

Evaluate a website using the CRAAP test.


Standard 3 - Performance Indicators

The information literate student evaluates information and its sources critically and incorporates selected information into his or her knowledge base and value system.

  1. The information literate student summarizes the main ideas to be extracted from the information gathered.
  2. The information literate student articulates and applies initial criteria for evaluating both the information and its sources.
  3. The information literate student synthesizes main ideas to construct new concepts.
  4. The information literate student compares new knowledge with prior knowledge to determine the value added, contradictions, or other unique characteristics of the information.
  5. The information literate student determines whether the new knowledge has an impact on the individual’s value system and takes steps to reconcile differences.
  6. The information literate student validates understanding and interpretation of the information through discourse with other individuals, subject-area experts, and/or practitioners.
  7. The information literate student determines whether the initial query should be revised.

The CRAAP Test

Use the CRAAP test to evaluate your sources!

Developed at Meriam Library California State University, Chico. The CRAAP test is a list of questions one should ask when doing research.

Evaluation Criteria

Currency > : > The timeliness of the information.

Relevance > : > The importance of the information for your needs

Authority > : > The source of the information 

Accuracy > : > The reliability, truthfulness and correctness of the content

Purpose > : > The reason the information exists

Evaluating Information – Applying the CRAAP Test

Meriam Library, California State University, Chico